Cognitive enhancement (CE) medications and devices – for instance, so-called “smart drugs” and transcranial electrical and magnetic brain stimulators – may change society and our values in various not-obviously-positive ways. But because CE is framed as a medical topic – a bioethics and neuroethics niche – such social and moral hazards are almost completely overlooked, downplayed, or ignored. Accordingly, current US government policy on the design and regulation of CEs borders on reckless social and moral experimentation. To explain what current US policy overlooks and why these things are important, we re-frame CE as a philosophy of technology topic. Within this framing, we concede that social experimentation with emerging technologies like CE is not only inevitable but even necessary. However, we also offer a methodology for conducting such social experiments in a responsible manner, and suggest that this methodology has important implications for how all emerging technologies (not just CE) should be designed and regulated.
ABSTRACT FOR FORTHCOMING CHAPTER CO-AUTHORED WITH EMMA A. JANE